Inelasticity and damage in solids subject to microstructural change

Inelasticity and damage in solids subject to microstructural change Author Ian J. Jordaan
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105025166146
Release 1997
Pages 536
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Inelasticity and damage in solids subject to microstructural change has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Inelasticity and damage in solids subject to microstructural change also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Inelasticity and damage in solids subject to microstructural change book for free.



Major Accomplishments in Composite Materials and Sandwich Structures

Major Accomplishments in Composite Materials and Sandwich Structures Author I. M. Daniel
ISBN-10 9048131413
Release 2009-10-20
Pages 818
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This book collects major research contributions in composite materials and sandwich structures supported by the U.S. Office of Naval Research. It contains over thirty chapters written by experts and serves as a reference and guide for future research.



Ships and Offshore Structures XIX

Ships and Offshore Structures XIX Author Carlos Guedes Soares
ISBN-10 9781315647197
Release 2015-09-03
Pages 976
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This three-volume work presents the proceedings from the 19th International Ship and Offshore Structures Congress held in Cascais, Portugal on 7th to 10th September 2015. The International Ship and Offshore Structures Congress (ISSC) is a forum for the exchange of information by experts undertaking and applying marine structural research. The aim of the ISSC is to facilitate the evaluation and dissemination of results from recent investigations; to make recommendations for standard design procedures and criteria; to discuss research in progress and planned; to identify areas requiring further research, and to encourage international collaboration in furthering theses aims. Structures of interest to the ISSC include ships and other marine structures used for transportation, exploration, and exploitation of resources in and under the oceans.



IUTAM Symposium on Scaling Laws in Ice Mechanics and Ice Dynamics

IUTAM Symposium on Scaling Laws in Ice Mechanics and Ice Dynamics Author J.P. Dempsey
ISBN-10 9789401597357
Release 2013-04-18
Pages 478
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This Volume constitutes the Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on 'Scaling Laws in Ice Mechanics and Ice Dynamics', held in Fairbanks, Alaska from 13th to 16th of June 2000. Ice mechanics deals with essentially intact ice: in this discipline, descriptions of the motion and deformation of Arctic/ Antarctic and river/lake ice call for the development of physically based constitutive and fracture models over an enormous range in scale: 0.01 m - 10 km. Ice dynamics, on the other hand, deals with the movement of broken ice: descriptions of an aggregate of ice floes call for accurate modeling of momentum transfer through the sea/ice system, again over an enormous range in scale: 1 km (floe scale) - 500 km (basin scale). For ice mechanics, the emphasis on lab-scale (0.01 - 0.5 m) research con trasts with applications at the scale of order 1 km (ice-structure interaction, icebreaking); many important upscaling questions remain to be explored.



Damage Mechanics of Composite Materials

Damage Mechanics of Composite Materials Author R. Talreja
ISBN-10 0444888527
Release 1994
Pages 306
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Damage mechanics is concerned with mechanics-based analyses of microstructural events in solids responsible for changes in their response to external loading. The microstructural events can occur as cracks, voids, slipped regions, etc., with a spatial distribution within the volume of a solid. If a solid contains oriented elements in its microsctructure, e.g. fibers, the heterogeneity and asisotropy aspects create situations which form a class of problems worthy of special treatment. This book deals with such treatments with particular emphasis on application to technological composite materials. Chapter one describes the basic principles underlying both the micromechanics approach and the continuum damage mechanics approach. It also reviews the relevant statistical concepts. The next three chapters are devoted to developments of the continuum damage mechanics approach related to characterization of damage with internal variables, evolution of damage and its coupling with other inelastic effects such as plasticity. Chapter 5 describes observations of damage from notches in composite laminates and puts forward some pragmatic modelling ideas for a complex damage configuration. The next two chapters form the bulk of the micromechanics approach in this volume. The first one deals with microcracking and the other with interfacial damage in composite materials.



Damage Mechanics

Damage Mechanics Author D. Krajcinovic
ISBN-10 0080530249
Release 1996-04-22
Pages 774
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This book provides the first truly comprehensive study of damage mechanics. All concepts are carefully identified and defined in micro- and macroscopic scales. In terms of the methods and observation scales, the main part of the book is divided into three chapters. These chapters consider the stochastic models applied to atomistic scale, micromechanical models (for arbitary concentrations of defects) on microscopic scale and continuum models on the macroscopic scale. It is intended for people who are doing or planning to do research in the mechanics and material science aspects of brittle deformation of solids with heterogeneous microstructure.



A Variational Approach to Fracture and Other Inelastic Phenomena

A Variational Approach to Fracture and Other Inelastic Phenomena Author Gianpietro Del Piero
ISBN-10 9789400772267
Release 2013-08-30
Pages 80
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This book exposes a number of mathematical models for fracture of growing difficulty. All models are treated in a unified way, based on incremental energy minimization. They differ from each other by the assumptions made on the inelastic part of the total energy, here called the "cohesive energy". Each model describes a specific aspect of material response, and particular care is devoted to underline the correspondence of each model to the experiments. The content of the book is a re-elaboration of the lectures delivered at the First Sperlonga Summer School on Mechanics and Engineering Sciences in September 2011. In the year and a half elapsed after the course, the material has been revised and enriched with new and partially unpublished results. Significant additions have been introduced in the occasion of the course "The variational approach to fracture and other inelastic phenomena", delivered at SISSA, Trieste, in March 2013. The Notes reflect a research line carried on by the writer over the years, addressed to a comprehensive description of the many aspects of the phenomenon of fracture, and to its relations with other phenomena, such as the formation of microstructure and the changes in the material’s strength induced by plasticity and damage. Reprinted from the Journal of Elasticity, volume 112, issue 1, 2013.



Ion Beam Modification of Solids

Ion Beam Modification of Solids Author Werner Wesch
ISBN-10 9783319335612
Release 2016-08-15
Pages 534
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This book presents the method of ion beam modification of solids in realization, theory and applications in a comprehensive way. It provides a review of the physical basics of ion-solid interaction and on ion-beam induced structural modifications of solids. Ion beams are widely used to modify the physical properties of materials. A complete theory of ion stopping in matter and the calculation of the energy loss due to nuclear and electronic interactions are presented including the effect of ion channeling. To explain structural modifications due to high electronic excitations, different concepts are presented with special emphasis on the thermal spike model. Furthermore, general concepts of damage evolution as a function of ion mass, ion fluence, ion flux and temperature are described in detail and their limits and applicability are discussed. The effect of nuclear and electronic energy loss on structural modifications of solids such as damage formation, phase transitions and amorphization is reviewed for insulators and semiconductors. Finally some selected applications of ion beams are given.



Comprehensive Biomaterials

Comprehensive Biomaterials Author Paul Ducheyne
ISBN-10 9780080552941
Release 2015-08-28
Pages 3672
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Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development



Mechanical Behaviour of Materials

Mechanical Behaviour of Materials Author Dominique François
ISBN-10 9789401152464
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 440
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Advances in technology are demanding ever-increasing mastery over the materials being used: the challenge is to gain a better understanding of their behaviour, and more particularly of the relations between their microstructure and their macroscopic properties. This two-volume work, of which this is the first volume, aims to provide the means by which this challenge may be met. Starting from the mechanics of deformation, it develops the laws governing macroscopic behaviour - expressed as the constitutive equations - always taking account of the physical phenomena which underlie rheological behaviour. The most recent developments are presented, in particular those concerning heterogeneous materials such as metallic alloys, polymers and composites. Each chapter is devoted to one of the major classes of material behaviour. As the subtitles indicate, Volume I deals with elasticity and plasticity and Volume II with viscoelasticity, viscoplasticity, damage phenomena, and the mechanics of fracture and of contact. Annexes to Volume I give the relevant basic tools and techniques of continuous-media mechanics, crystallography and phase changes. Most of the chapters end with a set of exercises, to many of which either the full solution or hints on how to obtain this are given; each volume is profusely illustrated with explanatory diagrams and with electron-microscope photographs. Mechanics of Material Behaviour grew out of the Paris Diplome d'Études Approfondies (DEA, Advanced Studies Diploma) in Mechanics and Materials. In addition to Diploma-level students, it is addressed to students reading for a first degree in engineering, practising engineers and research workers in this field. The treatment is mathematical but the mathematical arguments should not prove difficult; the real difficulties of the subject stem from the frequent and considerable changes of scale that have to be appreciated and the need to acquire a firm grasp of the underlying physics.



Numerical Methods and Advanced Simulation in Biomechanics and Biological Processes

Numerical Methods and Advanced Simulation in Biomechanics and Biological Processes Author Miguel Cerrolaza
ISBN-10 9780128117194
Release 2017-10-17
Pages 454
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Numerical Methods and Advanced Simulation in Biomechanics and Biological Processes covers new and exciting modeling methods to help bioengineers tackle problems for which the Finite Element Method is not appropriate. The book covers a wide range of important subjects in the field of numerical methods applied to biomechanics, including bone biomechanics, tissue and cell mechanics, 3D printing, computer assisted surgery and fluid dynamics. Modeling strategies, technology and approaches are continuously evolving as the knowledge of biological processes increases. Both theory and applications are covered, making this an ideal book for researchers, students and R&D professionals. Provides non-conventional analysis methods for modeling Covers the Discrete Element Method (DEM), Particle Methods (PM), MessLess and MeshFree Methods (MLMF), Agent-Based Methods (ABM), Lattice-Boltzmann Methods (LBM) and Boundary Integral Methods (BIM) Includes contributions from several world renowned experts in their fields Compares pros and cons of each method to help you decide which method is most applicable to solving specific problems



Nonlinear Solid Mechanics

Nonlinear Solid Mechanics Author Adnan Ibrahimbegovic
ISBN-10 9789048123308
Release 2009-06-02
Pages 574
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This book offers a recipe for constructing the numerical models for representing the complex nonlinear behavior of structures and their components, represented as deformable solid bodies. Its appeal extends to those interested in linear problems of mechanics.



Mechanical Behavior of Materials Elasticity and plasticity

Mechanical Behavior of Materials  Elasticity and plasticity Author Dominique François
ISBN-10 079234894X
Release 1998
Pages 432
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Advances in technology are demanding ever-increasing mastery over the materials being used: the challenge is to gain a better understanding of their behaviour, and more particularly of the relations between their microstructure and their macroscopic properties. This two-volume work, of which this is the first volume, aims to provide the means by which this challenge may be met. Starting from the mechanics of deformation, it develops the laws governing macroscopic behaviour - expressed as the constitutive equations - always taking account of the physical phenomena which underlie rheological behaviour. The most recent developments are presented, in particular those concerning heterogeneous materials such as metallic alloys, polymers and composites. Each chapter is devoted to one of the major classes of material behaviour. Volume I deals with elasticity and plasticity and Volume II with viscoelasticity, viscoplasticity, damage phenomena, and the mechanics of fracture and of contact. Annexes to Volume I give the relevant basic tools and techniques of continuous-media mechanics, crystallography and phase changes. Most of the chapters end with a set of exercises, to many of which either the full solution or hints on how to obtain this are given; each volume is profusely illustrated with explanatory diagrams and with electron-microscope photographs. Mechanics of Material Behaviour grew out of the Paris Diplome d'tudes Approfondies (DEA, Advanced Studies Diploma) in Mechanics and Materials. In addition to Diploma-level students, it is addressed to students reading for a first degree in engineering, practising engineers and research workers in this field.



IUTAM Symposium on Synthesis in Bio Solid Mechanics

IUTAM Symposium on Synthesis in Bio Solid Mechanics Author Pauli Pedersen
ISBN-10 9780306469398
Release 2006-04-11
Pages 410
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This book contains the edited version of invited lectures presented at the IUTAM-Sym- sium Synthesis in Bio Solid Mechanics, held at Hotel Frederiksdal, Virum (Copenhagen), Denmark, May 24 to May 27, 1998. The symposium was attended by 48 scientist from 14 countries. Biomechanics has been a very active research area in the last 25 years and covers a very broad class of problems. The present symposium concentrated on the solid mechanics - main of biomechanics, where important problems of synthesis presently are an active and challenging part. Characteristics of biomechanical materials are not only the inhomogeneity and anisotropy, but also the capability to change in relation to actual use. These living materials call for new methods of analysis and also new methods for synthesis. By the synthesis in this context is meant design of implants or artificial control of material growth. Bone mechanics is closely related to recent work on analysis and design of microstructural anisotropic materials. Also, recent work in shape design can to some extent be useful in the more complicated problems of biomechanics. Here interface problems play an essential role. The symposium brought together scientists from mechanics, mathematics and medicine.



Handbook of Materials Behavior Models

Handbook of Materials Behavior Models Author Jean Lemaître
ISBN-10 9780124433410
Release 2001
Pages 381
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Handbook of Materials Behavior Models has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Handbook of Materials Behavior Models also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Handbook of Materials Behavior Models book for free.



High Pressure Shock Compression of Solids VI

High Pressure Shock Compression of Solids VI Author Yasuyuki Horie
ISBN-10 0387955321
Release 2003-01-01
Pages 351
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Both experimental and theoretical investigations make it clear that mesoscale materials, that is, materials at scales intermediate between atomic and bulk matter, do not always behave in ways predicted by conventional theories of shock compression. At these scales, shock waves interact with local material properties and microstructure to produce a hierarchy of dissipative structures such as inelastic deformation fields, randomly distributed lattice defects, and residual stresses. A macroscopically steady planar shock wave is neither plane nor steady at the mesoscale. The chapters in this book examine the assumptions underlying our understanding of shock phenomena and present new measurements, calculations, and theories that challenge these assumptions. They address such questions as: What are the experimental data on mesoscale effects of shocks, and what are the implications?; Can one formulate new mesoscale theories of shock dynamics?; How would new mesoscale theories affect our understanding of shock-induced phase transitions or fracture?; And what new computational models will be needed for investigating mesoscale shocks?



Issues in Structural and Materials Engineering 2011 Edition

Issues in Structural and Materials Engineering  2011 Edition Author
ISBN-10 9781464963964
Release 2012-01-09
Pages 1920
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Issues in Structural and Materials Engineering: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Structural and Materials Engineering. The editors have built Issues in Structural and Materials Engineering: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Structural and Materials Engineering in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Structural and Materials Engineering: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.